China’s economy: state of the state versus private sector


Successive waves of ‘reform and opening up’ in the People’s Republic of China (PRC) facilitated the growth of a private sector in an economy that had long been dominated by state-owned enterprises (SOEs). However, increasing state control over the economy has added to external pressures facing PRC firms. This factsheet provides an update on developments in the PRC’s private and state sectors.

Working paper: Partners in knowledge creation: trends in Australia-China research collaboration and future challenges


Trade provides the ballast for relations with China


By James Laurenceson

Note: This article appeared in the Australian Institute of International Affairs’ blog, Australian Outlook, on July 4 2019.

Understanding Australia's economic dependence on China


While Australia's economic relationship with China has rapidly grown, so too have fears that this exposure presents Australia with excessive risk. This factsheet draws on data from an Australia-China Relations Institute report, 'Small grey rhinos: understanding Australia's economic dependence on China', which discusses the market forces driving the Australia-China economic relationship as well as the three main attendant risks.

Roundtable: Australia-China energy policy


Australia is the world’s largest coal and LNG exporter and China is Australia’s largest trading partner. What happens in China’s energy sector will have profound impact on Australia’s exports and economy.

In December 2017, China launched a three-year plan to host the world’s largest emissions trading scheme (ETS). China’s ETS highlights the nation’s urgency for energy transition and climate change. Coal accounts for approximately 60 percent of China’s primary energy supply and natural gas accounts for only eight percent of that.

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Small grey rhinos: understanding Australia’s economic dependence on China


Executive Summary

Australia lives with an acute ‘fear of abandonment’.

In security terms this fear has underpinned Australian foreign policy settings for decades. Recently, doubts about the reliability of the United States as Australia’s security guarantor have sent Australian government ministers on a mission to convince America that ongoing – and expanded – engagement with Australia’s neighbourhood is in its own interests.

Competition in the Asia Pacific gas market heats up


By Xunpeng Shi

Note: This article appeared in East Asia Forum on May 11 2019.

Australia and the Belt and Road Initiative


By James Laurenceson and Elena Collinson

Note: This text formed the basis for remarks delivered by James Laurenceson at the 2nd Belt and Road Forum in Beijing, April 25 2019.

Australia could be the big loser in a US-China trade deal, not that Donald Trump seems to care


By Bob Carr

Note: This article appeared in the South China Morning Post on April 11 2018.

China-Australia LNG trade in the context of the China-US trade war


1. In November 2018 Australia overtook Qatar to become the world’s largest exporter of liquefied natural gas (LNG), loading 6.5 Mt of LNG compared with 6.2 Mt for Qatar. [1]