China’s economy: state of the state versus private sector
Successive waves of ‘reform and opening up’ in the People’s Republic of China (PRC) facilitated the growth of a private sector in an economy that had long been dominated by state-owned enterprises (SOEs). However, increasing state control over the economy has added to external pressures facing PRC firms. This factsheet provides an update on developments in the PRC’s private and state sectors.
Working paper: Partners in knowledge creation: trends in Australia-China research collaboration and future challenges
Trade provides the ballast for relations with China
Understanding Australia's economic dependence on China
While Australia's economic relationship with China has rapidly grown, so too have fears that this exposure presents Australia with excessive risk. This factsheet draws on data from an Australia-China Relations Institute report, 'Small grey rhinos: understanding Australia's economic dependence on China', which discusses the market forces driving the Australia-China economic relationship as well as the three main attendant risks.
Roundtable: Australia-China energy policy
Australia is the world’s largest coal and LNG exporter and China is Australia’s largest trading partner. What happens in China’s energy sector will have profound impact on Australia’s exports and economy.
In December 2017, China launched a three-year plan to host the world’s largest emissions trading scheme (ETS). China’s ETS highlights the nation’s urgency for energy transition and climate change. Coal accounts for approximately 60 percent of China’s primary energy supply and natural gas accounts for only eight percent of that.
Small grey rhinos: understanding Australia’s economic dependence on China
Australia lives with an acute ‘fear of abandonment’.
In security terms this fear has underpinned Australian foreign policy settings for decades. Recently, doubts about the reliability of the United States as Australia’s security guarantor have sent Australian government ministers on a mission to convince America that ongoing – and expanded – engagement with Australia’s neighbourhood is in its own interests.