research / Journal publications

COVID-19 and global supply chain configuration: Economic and emissions impacts of Australia-China trade disruptions

September 20 2021

Economic shocks from COVID-19, coupled with ongoing US-China tensions, have raised debates around supply chain (or global value chain) organisation, with China at the centre of the storm. However, quantitative studies that consider the global and economy-wide impacts of rerouting supply chains are limited. This study examines the economic and emissions impacts of reorganising supply chains, using Australia-China trade as an example. It augments the Hypothetical Extraction Method by replacing traditional Input-Output analysis with a Computable General Equilibrium analysis. The estimation results demonstrate that in both exports and imports, a trade embargo between Australia and China – despite being compensated for by alternative supply chains—will cause gross domestic production losses and emissions increases for both countries and the world overall. Moreover, even though all other economies gain from the markets left by China, many of them incur overall gross domestic production losses and emission increases. The finding that the Association of Southeast Asian Nations and India may also suffer from an Australia-China trade embargo, despite a gain in trade volume, suggests that no country should add fuel to the fire. The results suggest that countries need to defend a rules-based trading regime and jointly address supply chain challenges.

Read the paper online here.

Note: This paper was published in Front. Public Health, 9:752481.

Authors: Xunpeng Shi, Principal Research Fellow, Australia-China Relations Institute, University of Technology Sydney; James Tsun Se Cheong, Associate Professor, Department of Economics and Finance, the Hang Seng University of Hong Kong; Michael Zhou, Project and Research Officer, Australia-China Relations Institute, University of Technology Sydney;