research / Journal publications

The potential impact of EU’s carbon border adjustment mechanism (CBAM): An Australia-China relationship perspective

June 07 2024


This paper aims to investigate the multifaced aspects and consequences of the EU Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM) from an Australia-China relationship perspective.


This paper leverages the SWOT (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats) analysis to examine both the internal and external factors that affect Australia and China in the context of the CBAM. In addition, we employ the PEST (Political, Economic, Social and Technological) framework to identify effective strategies for Australia-China cooperation following the implementation of the CBAM.


Our analysis reveals numerous mutual interests and opportunities for bilateral collaboration, despite challenges and threats, positioning the CBAM as a potentially significant catalyst for joint initiatives.

Practical implications

This paper proposes 10 potential areas for Australia and China cooperation from the political economic social and technological PEST dimensions.


This paper makes a pioneering attempt to explore potential strategies, both individually, and together, that Australia and China can adopt to manage the impact and consequence of CBAM.

Read the article online here.

Note: This article was published in the Journal of Chinese Economic and Foreign Trade Studies, DOI: 10.1108/JCEFTS-02-2024-0018.

Authors: Xunpeng Shi, Research Principal, Australia-China Relations Institute, University of Technology Sydney; James Laurenceson, Director, Australia-China Relations Institute, University of Technology Sydney; Yuanling Liu, Assistant Researcher, Institute of America Studies, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences.